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Impedance Measurements as a Simple Tool to Control the Quality of Conjugated Polymers Designed for Photovoltaic Applications

Authors

  • Pavel A. Troshin,

    Corresponding author
    1. Institute for Problems of Chemical Physics of Russian Academy of Sciences, Semenov Prospect 5, Chernogolovka, Moscow region, 142432, Russia
    • Institute for Problems of Chemical Physics of Russian Academy of Sciences, Semenov Prospect 5, Chernogolovka, Moscow region, 142432, Russia.
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  • Diana K. Susarova,

    1. Institute for Problems of Chemical Physics of Russian Academy of Sciences, Semenov Prospect 5, Chernogolovka, Moscow region, 142432, Russia
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  • Yury L. Moskvin,

    1. Institute for Energy Problems of Chemical Physics, Russian Academy of Sciences (Branch), Semenov Prospect 1/10, Chernogolovka, Moscow region, 142432, Russia
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  • Ilya E. Kuznetsov,

    1. Institute for Energy Problems of Chemical Physics, Russian Academy of Sciences (Branch), Semenov Prospect 1/10, Chernogolovka, Moscow region, 142432, Russia
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  • Sergei A. Ponomarenko,

    1. Institute of Synthetic Polymeric Materials of Russian Academy of Sciences, 70 Profsoyuznaya st., Moscow 117393, Russia
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  • Ekaterina N. Myshkovskaya,

    1. Institute of Synthetic Polymeric Materials of Russian Academy of Sciences, 70 Profsoyuznaya st., Moscow 117393, Russia
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  • Ksenya A. Zakharcheva,

    1. Institute for Problems of Chemical Physics of Russian Academy of Sciences, Semenov Prospect 5, Chernogolovka, Moscow region, 142432, Russia
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  • Alexander A. Balakai,

    1. Institute for Energy Problems of Chemical Physics, Russian Academy of Sciences (Branch), Semenov Prospect 1/10, Chernogolovka, Moscow region, 142432, Russia
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  • Sergei D. Babenko,

    1. Institute for Energy Problems of Chemical Physics, Russian Academy of Sciences (Branch), Semenov Prospect 1/10, Chernogolovka, Moscow region, 142432, Russia
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  • Vladimir F. Razumov

    1. Institute for Problems of Chemical Physics of Russian Academy of Sciences, Semenov Prospect 5, Chernogolovka, Moscow region, 142432, Russia
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Abstract

The problem of batch-to-batch variation of electronic properties and purity of conjugated polymers used as electron donor and photon harvesting materials in organic solar cells is addressed. A simple method is developed for rapid analysis of electronic quality of polymer-based materials. It is shown that appearance of impurities capable of charge trapping changes electrophysical properties of conjugated polymers. In particular, a clear correlation between the effective relaxation time τeff and relative photovoltaic performance (η/ηmax) is revealed for samples of poly(3-hexylthiophene) intentionally polluted with a palladium catalyst. This dependence is also valid for all other investigated samples of conjugated polymers. Therefore, fast impedance measurements at three different frequencies allow one to draw conclusions about the purity of the analyzed polymer sample and even estimate its photovoltaic performance. The developed method might find extensive applications as a simple tool for product quality control in the laboratory and industrial-scale production of conjugated polymers for electronic applications.

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