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Keywords:

  • adhesion;
  • selectivity;
  • rippled surfaces;
  • elastic materials

Abstract

Highly selective adhesion can be achieved between surfaces by patterning them with ripples. Materials with such surfaces are fabricated by successive molding of an elastomer, poly(dimethylsiloxane) (PDMS), against a master with a surface rippled by instability of a residually stressed surface thin film. Adhesion of interfaces between both complementary and non-complementary rippled surfaces was measured. Complementary surfaces showed significantly enhanced interfacial adhesion with increasing ripple amplitude. In contrast, interfaces with mismatched amplitudes had nearly negligible adhesion. Rate-dependence of adhesion in these surfaces was also studied. For complementary surfaces with low amplitudes we found a multiplicative coupling between the structure and rate enhancement of adhesion. A quantitative model developed for adhesion between complementary surfaces explains these observations.