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Bipolar Tetraarylsilanes as Universal Hosts for Blue, Green, Orange, and White Electrophosphorescence with High Efficiency and Low Efficiency Roll-Off

Authors

  • Shaolong Gong,

    1. Department of Chemistry, Hubei Key Lab on Organic and Polymeric Optoelectronic Materials, Wuhan University, Wuhan 430072, People’s Republic of China
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  • Yonghua Chen,

    1. State Key Laboratory of Polymer Physics and Chemistry, Changchun Institute of Applied Chemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Changchun 130022, People’s Republic of China
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  • Jiajia Luo,

    1. Department of Chemistry, Hubei Key Lab on Organic and Polymeric Optoelectronic Materials, Wuhan University, Wuhan 430072, People’s Republic of China
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  • Chuluo Yang,

    Corresponding author
    1. Department of Chemistry, Hubei Key Lab on Organic and Polymeric Optoelectronic Materials, Wuhan University, Wuhan 430072, People’s Republic of China
    • Department of Chemistry, Hubei Key Lab on Organic and Polymeric Optoelectronic Materials, Wuhan University, Wuhan 430072, People’s Republic of China
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  • Cheng Zhong,

    1. Department of Chemistry, Hubei Key Lab on Organic and Polymeric Optoelectronic Materials, Wuhan University, Wuhan 430072, People’s Republic of China
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  • Jingui Qin,

    1. Department of Chemistry, Hubei Key Lab on Organic and Polymeric Optoelectronic Materials, Wuhan University, Wuhan 430072, People’s Republic of China
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  • Dongge Ma

    Corresponding author
    1. State Key Laboratory of Polymer Physics and Chemistry, Changchun Institute of Applied Chemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Changchun 130022, People’s Republic of China
    • State Key Laboratory of Polymer Physics and Chemistry, Changchun Institute of Applied Chemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Changchun 130022, People’s Republic of China.
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Abstract

A series of tetraarylsilane compounds, namely p-BISiTPA (1), m-BISiTPA (2), p-OXDSiTPA (3), m-OXDSiTPA (4), are designed and synthesized by incorporating electron-donating arylamine and electron-accepting benzimidazole or oxadiazole into one molecule via a silicon-bridge linkage mode. Their thermal, photophysical and electrochemical properties can be finely tuned through the different groups and linking topologies. The para-disposition compounds 1 and 3 display higher glass transition temperatures, slightly lower HOMO levels and triplet energies than their meta-disposition isomers 2 and 4, respectively. The silicon-interrupted conjugation of the electron-donating and electron-accepting segments gives these materials the following advantages: i) relative high triplet energies in the range of 2.69–2.73 eV; ii) HOMO/LUMO levels of the compounds mainly depend on the electron-donating and electron-accepting groups, respectively; iii) bipolar transporting feature as indicated by hole-only and electron-only devices. These advantages make these materials ideal universal hosts for multicolor phosphorescent OLEDs. 1 and 3 have been demonstrated as universal hosts for blue, green, orange and white electrophosphorescence, exhibiting high efficiencies and low efficiency roll-off. For example, the devices hosted by 1 achieve maximum external quantum efficiencies of 16.1% for blue, 22.7% for green, 20.5% for orange, and 19.1% for white electrophosphorescence. Furthermore, the external quantum efficiencies are still as high as 14.2% for blue, 22.4% for green, 18.9% for orange, and 17.4% for white electrophosphorescence at a high luminance of 1000 cd m−2. The two-color, all-phosphor white device hosted by 3 acquires a maximum current efficiency of 51.4 cd A−1, and a maximum power efficiency of 51.9 lm W−1. These values are among the highest for single emitting layer white PhOLEDs reported till now.

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