A solid-state thermal memory that can store and retain thermal information with temperature states as input and output is demonstrated experimentally. A single-crystal VO2 nanobeam is used, undergoing a metal–insulator transition at ∼340 K, to obtain a nonlinear and hysteresis response in temperature. It is shown that the application of a voltage bias can substantially tune the characteristics of the thermal memory, to an extent that the heat conduction can be increased ∼60%, and the output HIGH/LOW temperature difference can be amplified over two orders of magnitude compared to an unbiased device. The realization of a solid-state thermal memory combined with an effective electrical control thus allows the development of practical thermal devices for nano- to macroscale thermal management.
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