Electroactive Self-Assembled Monolayers for Enhanced Efficiency and Stability of Electropolymerized Luminescent Films and Devices

Authors

  • Ying Lv,

    1. State Key Laboratory of Supramolecular Structure and Materials, Jilin University Qianjin Avenue, Changchun, 130012, P. R. China
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  • Liang Yao,

    1. State Key Laboratory of Supramolecular Structure and Materials, Jilin University Qianjin Avenue, Changchun, 130012, P. R. China
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  • Cheng Gu,

    1. State Key Laboratory of Supramolecular Structure and Materials, Jilin University Qianjin Avenue, Changchun, 130012, P. R. China
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  • Yuanxiang Xu,

    1. State Key Laboratory of Supramolecular Structure and Materials, Jilin University Qianjin Avenue, Changchun, 130012, P. R. China
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  • Dandan Liu,

    1. State Key Laboratory of Supramolecular Structure and Materials, Jilin University Qianjin Avenue, Changchun, 130012, P. R. China
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  • Dan Lu,

    1. State Key Laboratory of Supramolecular Structure and Materials, Jilin University Qianjin Avenue, Changchun, 130012, P. R. China
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  • Yuguang Ma

    Corresponding author
    1. State Key Laboratory of Supramolecular Structure and Materials, Jilin University Qianjin Avenue, Changchun, 130012, P. R. China
    • State Key Laboratory of Supramolecular Structure and Materials, Jilin University Qianjin Avenue, Changchun, 130012, P. R. China.
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Abstract

In order to further improve the efficiency and stability of luminescent electrochemical polymerization (EP) films and devices, electroactive self-assembled monolayers (SAMs) of carbazolyl alkanethiol are successfully designed and applied to modify Au electrode and covalently graft the deposited EP films. The analysis of the formation and coverage of the SAMs by atomic force microscopy (AFM), cyclic voltammetry (CV), and the theoretical calculation provide consistent results indicating the SAM molecules are densely packed and standing upright (liquid-like) on the Au surface. In addition, ultraviolet photoelectron spectroscopy (UPS), CV, UV, AFM, and sonication treatment reveal that the close-packed electroactive SAMs are effective at enhancing the work function of electrode, increasing the deposition rate of EP precursor as well as elevating the cross-linking efficiency and the adhesive property of subsequent EP films. This is a simple and very efficient method for improving the performance of EP device, which has potential applications in display devices.

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