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Towards the Next Level of Bioinspired Dry Adhesives: New Designs and Applications

Authors

  • Moon Kyu Kwak,

    1. Division of WCU Multiscale Mechanical Design, School of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, Seoul National University, Seoul 151-742, Korea
    Current affiliation:
    1. M.K.K. and C.P. contributed equally to this Feature Article.
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  • Changhyun Pang,

    1. Division of WCU Multiscale Mechanical Design, School of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, Seoul National University, Seoul 151-742, Korea
    Current affiliation:
    1. M.K.K. and C.P. contributed equally to this Feature Article.
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  • Hoon-Eui Jeong,

    1. Department of Chemistry, University of California, Berkeley, California 94720, USA
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  • Hong-Nam Kim,

    1. Division of WCU Multiscale Mechanical Design, School of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, Seoul National University, Seoul 151-742, Korea
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  • Hyunsik Yoon,

    1. School of Chemical and Biological Engineering, Seoul National University, Seoul, 151-742, Korea.
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  • Ho-Sup Jung,

    1. Division of WCU Multiscale Mechanical Design, School of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, Seoul National University, Seoul 151-742, Korea
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  • Kahp-Yang Suh

    Corresponding author
    1. Division of WCU Multiscale Mechanical Design, School of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, Seoul National University, Seoul 151-742, Korea
    • Division of WCU Multiscale Mechanical Design, School of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, Seoul National University, Seoul 151-742, Korea.
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Abstract

This Feature Article aims to highlight our recent efforts to develop more robust gecko-inspired dry adhesives and their applications. Due to recent progress in micro- and nanofabrication techniques, it is possible to fabricate highly sophisticated multiscale, hierarchical structures using various polymer materials. In addition, the adhesion strength of synthetic dry adhesives has been shown to be similar to or exceed that of real gecko foot-hair by several times. Therefore, it is timely and appropriate to drive the research of gecko-inspired dry adhesives into a new epoch by investigating more robust dry adhesive structures, efficient detachment mechanisms, and new applications. In this Feature Article, we present a series of our recent achievements to overcome some of the limitations of gecko-like hair structures such as rough surface adaptation, durability, and controlled geometry, with particular emphasis on materials issues and detachment mechanism. For potential applications, a clean transportation device and a biomedical skin patch are briefly described to expand the application realm from the well-known wall climbing robot.

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