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Keywords:

  • ferroelectric polarization;
  • lithography;
  • optoelectronic device;
  • metal nanoparticles;
  • molecular wire

Abstract

In spite of novel lithographic processes that enable new approaches to fabricating materials, directed assembly of multi-component hybrid devices remains a challenge. Ferroelectric nanolithography exploits polarization dependent surface interactions to pattern nanoparticles, but the factors that control the particle size and distribution are not sufficiently well understood to produce hybrid nanostructures. Here the effects of photon energy, photon flux, and polarization vector orientation on ferroelectric domain specific photoreactions are quantified, leading to an understanding of the nanoparticle deposition mechanism. Patterned nanoparticle arrays functionalized with optically active porphyrin complexes are configured into optoelectronic devices.