Self-Assembling, Bioinspired Wax Crystalline Surfaces with Time-Dependent Wettability

Authors

  • Sasha Pechook,

    1. Department of Materials Engineering and Russell Berrie, Nanotechnology Institute, Technion - Israel Institute of Technology, Haifa 3200, Israel
    Search for more papers by this author
  • Boaz Pokroy

    Corresponding author
    1. Department of Materials Engineering and Russell Berrie, Nanotechnology Institute, Technion - Israel Institute of Technology, Haifa 3200, Israel
    • Department of Materials Engineering and Russell Berrie, Nanotechnology Institute, Technion - Israel Institute of Technology, Haifa 3200, Israel.

    Search for more papers by this author

Abstract

One of the most fascinating properties of materials in nature is the superhydrophobic and self-cleaning capabilities of different plant surfaces. This is usually achieved by the hydrophobic cuticles that are made of cutin and contain wax crystals both within them and on their surfaces. Here, bioinspired n-hexatriacontane wax films are deposited via thermal evaporation and it is shown that the surface evolves in time via self-assembly. This leads to a dramatic change in the wetting properties with a transition from hydrophobic to superhydrophobic characteristics, which takes place within several days at room temperature. This phenomenon is investigated and strain-induced recrystallization is proposed to be the mechanism for it. This work could become the basis for the inspiration and production of tuned, time-dependant, temperature-sensitive, variable-wettability surfaces.

Ancillary