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Yolk–Shell Hybrid Materials with a Periodic Mesoporous Organosilica Shell: Ideal Nanoreactors for Selective Alcohol Oxidation

Authors

  • Jian Liu,

    1. ARC Centre of Excellence for Functional Nanomaterials, Australian Institute for Bioengineering and Nanotechnology, The University of Queensland, QLD 4072, Australia
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  • Heng Quan Yang,

    1. School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Shanxi University, Taiyuan 030006, P. R. China
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  • Freddy Kleitz,

    1. Department of Chemistry and Centre de recherche, sur les matériaux avancés (CERMA), Université Laval, Quebec, G1V 0A6, QC, Canada
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  • Zhi Gang Chen,

    1. Centre for Microscopy and Microanalysis and School of Engineering, The University of Queensland, QLD 4072, Australia
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  • Tianyu Yang,

    1. ARC Centre of Excellence for Functional Nanomaterials, Australian Institute for Bioengineering and Nanotechnology, The University of Queensland, QLD 4072, Australia
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  • Ekaterina Strounina,

    1. Centre for Advanced Imaging, The University of Queensland, QLD 4072, Australia
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  • Gao Qing (Max) Lu,

    Corresponding author
    1. ARC Centre of Excellence for Functional Nanomaterials, Australian Institute for Bioengineering and Nanotechnology, The University of Queensland, QLD 4072, Australia
    • ARC Centre of Excellence for Functional Nanomaterials, Australian Institute for Bioengineering and Nanotechnology, The University of Queensland, QLD 4072, Australia.
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  • Shi Zhang Qiao

    Corresponding author
    1. ARC Centre of Excellence for Functional Nanomaterials, Australian Institute for Bioengineering and Nanotechnology, The University of Queensland, QLD 4072, Australia
    • ARC Centre of Excellence for Functional Nanomaterials, Australian Institute for Bioengineering and Nanotechnology, The University of Queensland, QLD 4072, Australia.
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Abstract

This contribution describes the preparation of multifunctional yolk–shell nanoparticles (YSNs) consisting of a core of silica spheres and an outer shell based on periodic mesoporous organosilica (PMO) with perpendicularly aligned mesoporous channels. The new yolk–shell hybrid materials were synthesised through a dual mesophase and vesicle soft templating method. The mesostructure of the shell, the dimension of the hollow space (4∼52 nm), and the shell thickness (16∼34 nm) could be adjusted by precise tuning of the synthesis parameters, as evidenced by X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and nitrogen sorption investigations. Various metal nanoparticles (e.g., Au, Pt, and Pd) were encapsulated and confined in the void space between the core and the shell using impregnation and reduction of adequate metal precursors. The selective oxidation of various alcohol substrates was then carried out to illustrate the benefits of such an architecture in catalysis. High conversion (∼100%) and excellent selectivity (∼99%) were obtained over Pd nanoparticles encapsulated in the hybrid PMO yolk–shell structures.

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