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Nanomaterials via Laser Ablation/Irradiation in Liquid: A Review

Authors

  • Haibo Zeng,

    Corresponding author
    1. Key Laboratory for Intelligent Nano Materials and Devices of the Ministry of Education, State Key Laboratory of Mechanics and Control of Mechanical Structures, College of Material Science and Technology, Nanjing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics Nanjing 210016, China
    2. Key Laboratory of Materials Physics, Anhui Key Laboratory of Nanomaterials and Nanotechnology, Institute of Solid State Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Hefei 230031, China
    • Key Laboratory for Intelligent Nano Materials and Devices of the Ministry of Education, State Key Laboratory of Mechanics and Control of Mechanical Structures, College of Material Science and Technology, Nanjing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics Nanjing 210016, China
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  • Xi-Wen Du,

    Corresponding author
    1. School of Materials Science and Engineering, Tianjin University, Tianjin 300072, China
    • School of Materials Science and Engineering, Tianjin University, Tianjin 300072, China
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  • Subhash C. Singh,

    Corresponding author
    1. National Centre for Plasma Science and Technology (NCPST) School of Physical Sciences, Dublin City University, Glasvevin, Dublin-9, Ireland
    • National Centre for Plasma Science and Technology (NCPST) School of Physical Sciences, Dublin City University, Glasvevin, Dublin-9, Ireland
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  • Sergei A. Kulinich,

    Corresponding author
    1. Graduate School of Engineering, Center for Atomic and Molecular Technologies, Osaka University, Osaka 565-0871, Japan
    • Graduate School of Engineering, Center for Atomic and Molecular Technologies, Osaka University, Osaka 565-0871, Japan.
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  • Shikuan Yang,

    1. Key Laboratory for Intelligent Nano Materials and Devices of the Ministry of Education, State Key Laboratory of Mechanics and Control of Mechanical Structures, College of Material Science and Technology, Nanjing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics Nanjing 210016, China
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  • Jianping He,

    1. Key Laboratory for Intelligent Nano Materials and Devices of the Ministry of Education, State Key Laboratory of Mechanics and Control of Mechanical Structures, College of Material Science and Technology, Nanjing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics Nanjing 210016, China
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  • Weiping Cai

    1. Key Laboratory of Materials Physics, Anhui Key Laboratory of Nanomaterials and Nanotechnology, Institute of Solid State Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Hefei 230031, China
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Abstract

Laser ablation of solid targets in the liquid medium can be realized to fabricate nanostructures with various compositions (metals, alloys, oxides, carbides, hydroxides, etc.) and morphologies (nanoparticles, nanocubes, nanorods, nanocomposites, etc.). At the same time, the post laser irradiation of suspended nanomaterials can be applied to further modify their size, shape, and composition. Such fabrication and modification of nanomaterials in liquid based on laser irradiation has become a rapidly growing field. Compared to other, typically chemical, methods, laser ablation/irradiation in liquid (LAL) is a simple and “green” technique that normally operates in water or organic liquids under ambient conditions. Recently, the LAL has been elaborately developed to prepare a series of nanomaterials with special morphologies, microstructures and phases, and to achieve one-step formation of various functionalized nanostructures in the pursuit of novel properties and applications in optics, display, detection, and biological fields. The formation mechanisms and synthetic strategies based on LAL are systematically analyzed and the reported nanostructures derived from the unique characteristics of LAL are highlighted along with a review of their applications and future challenges.

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