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Functionality is Key: Recent Progress in the Surface Modification of Nanodiamond

Authors

  • Anke Krueger,

    Corresponding author
    1. Institute for Organic Chemistry, Würzburg University, Am Hubland, D-97074 Würzburg, Germany
    2. Wilhelm Conrad Röntgen Research Center for Complex Material, Systems, Würzburg University, Am Hubland, D-97074 Würzburg, Germany
    • Institute for Organic Chemistry, Würzburg University, Am Hubland, D-97074 Würzburg, Germany.
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  • Daniel Lang

    1. Institute for Organic Chemistry, Würzburg University, Am Hubland, D-97074 Würzburg, Germany
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  • Dedicated to Prof. Wolfgang Kiefer on the occasion of his 70 birthday

Abstract

Nanoscale diamond has recently received considerable attention due to the various possible applications such as luminescence imaging, drug delivery, quantum engineering, surface coatings, seeding etc. For most of these fields a suitable surface termination and functionalization of the diamond materials are required. In this feature article we discuss recent achievements in the field of surface modification of nanoscale diamond including the establishment of a homogeneous initial surface termination, the covalent and non-covalent immobilization of different functional moieties as well as the subsequent grafting of larger (bio)molecules onto previously functionalized nanodiamond.

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