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Keywords:

  • organic semiconductors;
  • π-conjugated small molecules;
  • organic nanowires;
  • nanoporous anodic alumina;
  • organic magnetoresistance

Abstract

π-conjugated molecular organics such as rubrene, Alq3, fullerene, and PCBM have been used extensively over the last few decades in numerous organic electronic devices, including solar cells, thin-film transistors, and large-area, low-cost flexible displays. Rubrene and Alq3, have emerged as promising platforms for spin-based classical and quantum information processing, which has triggered significant research activity in the relatively new area of organic spintronics. Synthesis of these materials in a nanowire geometry, with feature sizes in the sub-100 nm regime, is desirable as it often enhances device performance and is essential for development of high-density molecular electronic devices. However, fabrication techniques that meet this stringent size constraint are still largely underdeveloped. Here, a novel, versatile, and reagentless method that enables growth of nanowire arrays of the above-mentioned organics in the cylindrical nanopores of anodic aluminum oxide (AAO) templates is demonstrated. This method 1) allows synthesis of high-density organic nanowire arrays on arbitrary substrates, 2) provides electrical access to the nanowire arrays, 3) offers tunability of the array geometry in a range overlapping with the relevant physical length scales of many organic devices, and 4) can potentially be extended to synthesize axially and radially heterostructured organic nanowires. Thus prepared nanowires are characterized extensively with an aim to identify their potential applications in diverse areas such as organic optoelectronics, photovoltaics, molecular nanoelectronics, and spintronics.