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Keywords:

  • conjugated polymers;
  • dielectrics;
  • organozinc compounds;
  • organic field-effect transistors;
  • surface modification

Abstract

The interface between the organic semiconductor and dielectric plays an important role in determining the device performance of organic field-effect transistors (OFETs). Although self-assembled monolayers (SAMs) made from organosilanes have been widely used for dielectric modification to improve the device performance of OFETs, they suffer from incontinuous and lack uniform coverage of the dielectric layer. Here, it is reported that by introduction of a solution-processed organozinc compound as a dielectric modification layer between the dielectric and the silane SAM, improved surface morphology and reduced surface polarity can be achieved. The organozinc compound originates from the reaction between diethylzinc and the cyclohexanone solvent, which leads to formation of zinc carboxylates. Being annealed at different temperatures, organozinc compound exists in various forms in the solid films. With organozinc modification, p-type polymer FETs show a high charge carrier mobility that is about two-fold larger than a control device that does not contain the organozinc compound, both for devices with a positive threshold voltage and for those with a negative one. After organozinc compound modification, the threshold voltage of polymer FETs can either be altered to approach zero or remain unchanged depending on positive or negative threshold voltage they have.