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Keywords:

  • Co nanoparticles;
  • magnetic switching;
  • multiferroic behavior

Abstract

A novel magnetoelectric effect is found to appear in a C60-Co nanocomposite. Although Co is well-known as a ferromagnet, its nanoparticles embedded in a C60 matrix can exhibit multiferroic-like behavior, i.e., an electric field controls magnetic alignment of the nanoparticles and a magnetic field controls their charged states. This novel effect enables a strong magnetic switching effect for which the on/off ratio is ca. 104. Such an effect has been expected to exist and these findings show this magnetoelectric coupling for the first time.