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Keywords:

  • OLED;
  • waveguide;
  • extraction;
  • defective hexagonal-close-packed array

Abstract

Defective silica sphere arrays having locally hexagonal-closed-packed structure but lack of long range ordering were incorporated into organic light emitting diodes as grating to extract the waveguided light trapped in the indium tin oxide/organic layers and the glass substrate. Using these defective hexagonal-closed-packed gratings for light extraction, broad band lambertian emitters are obtained due to the periodicity broadening and the random orientation in the gratings, resulting in enhancements in current and power efficiencies by a factor of 1.7 and 1.9, respectively.