In spite of recent successful demonstrations of flexible and transparent graphene heaters, the underlying heat-transfer mechanism is not understood due to the complexity of the heating system. Here, graphene/glass defoggers are fabricated and the dynamic response of the temperature as a function of input electrical power is measured. The graphene/glass defoggers reveal shorter response times than Cr/glass defoggers. Furthermore, the saturated temperature of the graphene/glass defoggers is higher than for Cr/glass defoggers at a given input electrical power. The observed dynamic response to temperature is well-fitted to the power-balance model. The response time of graphene/glass defogger is shorter by 44% than that of the Cr/glass defogger. The convective heat-transfer coefficient of graphene is 12.4 × 10−4 W cm−2 °C−1, similar to that of glass (11.1 × 10−4 W cm−2 °C−1) but smaller than that of chromium (17.1 × 10−4 W cm−2 °C−1). The graphene-based system reveals the lowest convective heat-transfer coefficient due to its ideal flat surface compared to its counterparts of carbon nanotubes (CNTs) and reduced graphene oxide (RGO)-based systems.
If you can't find a tool you're looking for, please click the link at the top of the page to "Go to old article view". Alternatively, view our Knowledge Base articles for additional help. Your feedback is important to us, so please let us know if you have comments or ideas for improvement.