High-performance, blue, phosphorescent organic light-emitting diodes (PhOLEDs) are achieved by orthogonal solution-processing of small-molecule electron-transport material doped with an alkali metal salt, including cesium carbonate (Cs2CO3) or lithium carbonate (Li2CO3). Blue PhOLEDs with solution-processed 4,7-diphenyl-1,10-phenanthroline (BPhen) electron-transport layer (ETL) doped with Cs2CO3 show a luminous efficiency (LE) of 35.1 cd A−1 with an external quantum efficiency (EQE) of 17.9%, which are two-fold higher efficiency than a BPhen ETL without a dopant. These solution-processed blue PhOLEDs are much superior compared to devices with vacuum-deposited BPhen ETL/alkali metal salt cathode interfacial layer. Blue PhOLEDs with solution-processed 1,3,5-tris(m-pyrid-3-yl-phenyl)benzene (TmPyPB) ETL doped with Cs2CO3 have a luminous efficiency of 37.7 cd A−1 with an EQE of 19.0%, which is the best performance observed to date in all-solution-processed blue PhOLEDs. The results show that a small-molecule ETL doped with alkali metal salt can be realized by solution-processing to enhance overall device performance. The solution-processed metal salt-doped ETLs exhibit a unique rough surface morphology that facilitates enhanced charge-injection and transport in the devices. These results demonstrate that orthogonal solution-processing of metal salt-doped electron-transport materials is a promising strategy for applications in various solution-processed multilayered organic electronic devices.
If you can't find a tool you're looking for, please click the link at the top of the page to "Go to old article view". Alternatively, view our Knowledge Base articles for additional help. Your feedback is important to us, so please let us know if you have comments or ideas for improvement.