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Topographically Flat Substrates with Embedded Nanoplasmonic Devices for Biosensing

Authors

  • Jincy Jose,

    1. Laboratory of Nanostructures and Biosensing, Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Minnesota, Twin Cities, MN 55455, USA
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  • Luke R. Jordan,

    1. Laboratory of Nanostructures and Biosensing, Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Minnesota, Twin Cities, MN 55455, USA
    2. Department of Biomedical Engineering, University of Minnesota, Twin Cities, MN 55455, USA
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  • Timothy W. Johnson,

    1. Laboratory of Nanostructures and Biosensing, Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Minnesota, Twin Cities, MN 55455, USA
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  • Si Hoon Lee,

    1. Laboratory of Nanostructures and Biosensing, Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Minnesota, Twin Cities, MN 55455, USA
    2. Department of Biomedical Engineering, University of Minnesota, Twin Cities, MN 55455, USA
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  • Nathan J. Wittenberg,

    1. Laboratory of Nanostructures and Biosensing, Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Minnesota, Twin Cities, MN 55455, USA
    2. Department of Biomedical Engineering, University of Minnesota, Twin Cities, MN 55455, USA
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  • Sang-Hyun Oh

    Corresponding author
    1. Laboratory of Nanostructures and Biosensing, Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Minnesota, Twin Cities, MN 55455, USA
    2. Department of Biomedical Engineering, University of Minnesota, Twin Cities, MN 55455, USA
    3. Department of Biophysics and Chemical Biology, Seoul National University, Seoul, 151-747, Korea
    • Laboratory of Nanostructures and Biosensing, Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Minnesota, Twin Cities, MN 55455, USA.
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Abstract

The ability to precisely control the topography, roughness, and chemical properties of metallic nanostructures is crucial for applications in plasmonics, nanofluidics, electronics, and biosensing. Here a simple method to produce embedded nanoplasmonic devices that can generate tunable plasmonic fields on ultraflat surfaces is demonstrated. Using a template-stripping technique, isolated metallic nanodisks and wires are embedded in optical epoxy, which is capped with a thin silica overlayer using atomic layer deposition. The top silica surface is topographically flat and laterally homogeneous, providing a uniform, high-quality biocompatible substrate, while the nanoplasmonic architecture hidden underneath creates a tunable plasmonic landscape for optical imaging and sensing. The localized surface plasmon resonance of gold nanodisks embedded underneath flat silica films is used for real-time kinetic sensing of the formation of a supported lipid bilayer and subsequent receptor-ligand binding. Gold nanodisks can also be embedded in elastomeric materials, which can be peeled off the substrate to create flexible plasmonic membranes that conform to non-planar surfaces.

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