Enhancing the Performance of Solid-State Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells Using a Mesoporous Interfacial Titania Layer with a Bragg Stack

Authors

  • Jung Tae Park,

    1. Department of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering, University of Pennsylvania, 220 South 33rd Street, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
    2. Department of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering, Yonsei University, 262 Seongsanno, Seodaemun-gu, Seoul 120-749, South Korea
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  • Jacob H. Prosser,

    1. Department of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering, University of Pennsylvania, 220 South 33rd Street, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
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  • Sung Hoon Ahn,

    1. Department of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering, Yonsei University, 262 Seongsanno, Seodaemun-gu, Seoul 120-749, South Korea
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  • Sang Jin Kim,

    1. Department of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering, Yonsei University, 262 Seongsanno, Seodaemun-gu, Seoul 120-749, South Korea
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  • Jong Hak Kim,

    Corresponding author
    1. Department of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering, Yonsei University, 262 Seongsanno, Seodaemun-gu, Seoul 120-749, South Korea
    • Department of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering, Yonsei University, 262 Seongsanno, Seodaemun-gu, Seoul 120-749, South Korea.
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  • Daeyeon Lee

    Corresponding author
    1. Department of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering, University of Pennsylvania, 220 South 33rd Street, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
    • Department of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering, University of Pennsylvania, 220 South 33rd Street, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
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Abstract

High efficiency dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs) are fabricated with a heterostructured photoanode that consists of a 500-nm-thick organized mesoporous TiO2 (om-TiO2) interfacial layer (IF layer), a 7 or 10-μm thick nanocrystalline TiO2 layer (NC layer), and a 2-μm-thick mesoporous Bragg stack (meso-BS layer) as the bottom, middle and top layers, respectively. An om-TiO2 layer with a high porosity, transmittance, and interconnectivity is prepared via a sol-gel process, in which a poly(vinyl chloride)-g-poly(oxyethylene methacrylate) (PVC-g-POEM) graft copolymer is used as a structure-directing agent. The meso-BS layer with large pores is prepared via alternating deposition of om-TiO2 and colloidal SiO2 (col-SiO2) layers. Structure and optical properties (refractive index) of the om-TiO2 and meso-BS layers are studied and the morphology of the heterostructured photoanode is characterized. DSSCs fabricated with the heterostructured IF/NC/BS photoanode and combined with a polymerized ionic liquid (PIL) exhibit an energy conversion efficiencies of 6.6% at 100 mW/cm2, one of the highest reported for solid-state DSSCs and much larger than cells prepared with only a IF/NC layer (6.0%) or a NC layer (4.5%). Improvements in energy conversion efficiency are attributed to the combination of improved light harvesting, decreased resistance at the electrode/electrolyte interface, and excellent electrolyte infiltration.

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