• solar cells;
  • electrospinning;
  • organic electronics;
  • photovoltaic devices;
  • porous materials


A new strategy for developing dye-sensitised solar cells (DSSCs) by combining thin porous zinc tin oxide (Zn2SnO4) fiber-based photoelectrodes with purely organic sensitizers is presented. The preparation of highly porous Zn2SnO4 electrodes, which show high specific surface area up to 124 m2/g using electrospinning techniques, is reported. The synthesis of a new organic donor-conjugate-acceptor (D-π-A) structured orange organic dye with molar extinction coefficient of 44 600 M−1 cm−1 is also presented. This dye and two other reference dyes, one organic and a ruthenium complex, are employed for the fabrication of Zn2SnO4 fiber-based DSSCs. Remarkably, organic dye-sensitized DSSCs displayed significantly improved performance compared to the ruthenium complex sensitized DSSCs. The devices based on a 3 μm-thick Zn2SnO4 electrode using the new sensitizer in conjunction with a liquid electrolyte show promising photovoltaic conversion up to 3.7% under standard AM 1.5G sunlight (100 mW cm−2). This result ranks among the highest reported for devices using ternary metal oxide electrodes.