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A One-Step and Binder-Free Method to Fabricate Hierarchical Nickel-Based Supercapacitor Electrodes with Excellent Performance

Authors

  • Guoge Zhang,

    Corresponding author
    1. School of Materials Science and Engineering, South China University of Technology, Guang Zhou, 510640, P. R. China
    2. Department of Applied Physics, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hung Hom, Kowloon, Hong Kong
    • School of Materials Science and Engineering, South China University of Technology, Guang Zhou, 510640, P. R. China
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  • Wenfang Li,

    1. School of Materials Science and Engineering, South China University of Technology, Guang Zhou, 510640, P. R. China
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  • Keyu Xie,

    1. Department of Applied Physics, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hung Hom, Kowloon, Hong Kong
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  • Fei Yu,

    1. School of Materials Science and Engineering, South China University of Technology, Guang Zhou, 510640, P. R. China
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  • Haitao Huang

    Corresponding author
    1. Department of Applied Physics, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hung Hom, Kowloon, Hong Kong
    • Department of Applied Physics, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hung Hom, Kowloon, Hong Kong.
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Abstract

Research is currently being carried out in the search for alternative electrode materials to replace the expensive and toxic RuO2-based electrode. As a typical example, nickel oxide or hydroxide has been widely studied but the results are far from satisfactory. Here, using a facile one-step anodization method, a hierarchical nickel compound (HNC) film with an interconnecting 3D nanoflake structure is obtained, providing large electrochemically active surface area and interconnecting nanoscale pore channels for ion transport. The HNC electrode demonstrates significantly improved capacitance, 70 times higher than the reported NiO-TiO2 nanotube array electrode with similar thickness. The charge/discharge kinetics are also superior, showing only a 24% capacitance reduction when the scan rate is increased by 50 times, as compared with the typical 70% capacitance reduction for pseudocapacitor electrodes under the same conditions. HNC exhibits an extraordinary excellent cycle life; capacitance increases to 115% after 4500 test cycles. Furthermore, because HNC is in intimate contact with the current collector, it is not necessary to use conducting agents or binders, which reduces the electrode weight and facilitates the electrode preparation process. The method is low cost, facile, scalable, additive free, and is promising for fabricating supercapacitor electrode with excellent performance.

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