On-Substrate Preparation of an Electroactive Conjugated Polyazomethine from Solution-Processable Monomers and its Application in Electrochromic Devices

Authors

  • Lambert Sicard,

    1. Laboratoire de caractérisation photophysique des matériaux conjugués, Département de chimie, Université de Montréal, CP 6128, Centre-ville, Montreal, QC
    Current affiliation:
    1. Laboratoire de Chimie des Polymères - UMR 7610, Université Pierre et Marie CURIE (Paris 6), Site St Raphaël, 3 rue Galilée, 94200 Ivry-sur-Seine, France
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  • Daminda Navarathne,

    1. Laboratoire de caractérisation photophysique des matériaux conjugués, Département de chimie, Université de Montréal, CP 6128, Centre-ville, Montreal, QC
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  • Thomas Skalski,

    1. Laboratoire de caractérisation photophysique des matériaux conjugués, Département de chimie, Université de Montréal, CP 6128, Centre-ville, Montreal, QC
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  • W. G. Skene

    Corresponding author
    1. Laboratoire de caractérisation photophysique des matériaux conjugués, Département de chimie, Université de Montréal, CP 6128, Centre-ville, Montreal, QC
    • Laboratoire de caractérisation photophysique des matériaux conjugués, Département de chimie, Université de Montréal, CP 6128, Centre-ville, Montreal, QC.
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Abstract

An electroactive polyazomethine is prepared from a solution processable 2,5-diaminothiophene derivative and 4,4′-triphenylamine dialdehyde by spray-coating the monomers on substrates, including indium tin oxide (ITO) coated glass and native glass slides. The conjugated polymer was rapidly formed in situ by heating the substrates at 120 °C for 30 min in an acid saturated atmosphere. The resulting immobilized polymer is easily purified by rinsing the substrate with dichloromethane. The on-substrate polymerization is tolerant towards large stoichiometry imbalances of the comonomers, unlike solution step-growth polymerization. The resulting polyazomethine is electroactive and it can be switched reversibly between its neutral and oxidized states both electrochemically and chemically without degradation. A transmissive electrochromic device is fabricated from the immobilized polyazomethine on an ITO electrode. The resulting device is successfully cycled between its oxidized (dark blue) and neutral (cyan/light green) states with applied biases of +3.2 and -1.5 V under ambient conditions without significant color fatigue or polymer degradation. The coloration efficiency of the oxidized state at 690 nm is 102 cm2 C−1.

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