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Keywords:

  • self-assembly;
  • supramolecular materials;
  • reaction-diffusion;
  • adaptive materials;
  • membranes;
  • structure-property relationships
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The superposition of intermolecular interactions and extrinsic forces can be used to control the properties of self-assembled materials. On page 369 Samuel I. Stupp and co-workers investigate the role of electric fields during the interfacial self-assembly of a hierar-chically ordered membrane from oppositely charged molecules and demonstrate profound changes in the growth rate and orientation, as well as properties.