Binary metal oxides has been regarded as a promising class of electrode materials for high-performance energy storage devices since it offers higher electrochemical activity and higher capacity than mono-metal oxide. Besides, rational design of electrode architectures is an effective solution to further enhance electrochemical performance of energy storage devices. Here, the advanced electrode architectures consisting of carbon textiles uniformally covered by mesoporous NiCo2O4 nanowire arrays (NWAs) are successfully fabricated by a simple surfactant-assisted hydrothermal method combined with a short post annealing treatment, which can be directly applied as self-supported electrodes for energy storage devices, such as Li-ion batteries, supercapacitors. The as-prepared mesoporous NiCo2O4 nanowires consist of numerous highly crystalline nanoparticles, leaving a large number of mesopores to alleviate the volume change during the charge/discharge process. Electrode architectures presented here promise fast electron transport by direct connection to the growth substrate and facile ion diffusion path provided by both the abundant mesoporous structure in nanowires and large open spaces between neighboring nanowires, which ensures every nanowire participates in the ultrafast electrochemical reaction. Benefiting from the intrinsic materials and architectures features, the unique binder-free NiCo2O4/carbon textiles exhibit high specific capacity/capacitance, excellent rate capability, and cycling stability.