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3D Stack Integrated Triboelectric Nanogenerator for Harvesting Vibration Energy

Authors

  • Weiqing Yang,

    1. School of Materials Science and Engineering, Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, Georgia, USA
    2. State Key Laboratory of Electronic Thin films and Integrated Devices, University of Electronic Science and Technology of China, Chengdu, China
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    • W.Y. and J.C. contributed equally to this work.

  • Jun Chen,

    1. School of Materials Science and Engineering, Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, Georgia, USA
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    • W.Y. and J.C. contributed equally to this work.

  • Qingshen Jing,

    1. School of Materials Science and Engineering, Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, Georgia, USA
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  • Jin Yang,

    1. School of Materials Science and Engineering, Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, Georgia, USA
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  • Xiaonan Wen,

    1. School of Materials Science and Engineering, Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, Georgia, USA
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  • Yuanjie Su,

    1. School of Materials Science and Engineering, Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, Georgia, USA
    2. State Key Laboratory of Electronic Thin films and Integrated Devices, University of Electronic Science and Technology of China, Chengdu, China
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  • Guang Zhu,

    1. School of Materials Science and Engineering, Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, Georgia, USA
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  • Peng Bai,

    1. School of Materials Science and Engineering, Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, Georgia, USA
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  • Zhong Lin Wang

    Corresponding author
    1. School of Materials Science and Engineering, Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, Georgia, USA
    2. Beijing Institute of Nanoenergy and Nanosystems, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China
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Abstract

The applications of a single-layer triboelectric nanogenerator (TENG) may be challenged by its lower output current, and a possible solution is to use three-dimensional (3D) integrated multilayered TENGs. However, the most important point is to synchronize the outputs of all the TENGs so that the instantaneous output power can be maximized. Here, a multi-layered stacked TENG is reported as a cost-effective, simple, and robust approach for harvesting ambient vibration energy. With superior synchronization, the 3D-TENG produces a short-circuit current as high as 1.14 mA, and an open-circuit voltage up to 303 V with a remarkable peak power density of 104.6 W m−2. As a direct power source, it is capable of simultaneously lighting up 20 spot lights (0.6 W ea.) as well as a white G16 globe light. Furthermore, compared with the state-of-the-art vibration energy harvesters, the 3D-TENG has an extremely wide working bandwidth up to 36 Hz in low frequency range. In addition, with specific dimensional design, the 3D-TENG is successfully equipped inside a ball with a diameter of 3 inches, using which 32 commercial LEDs are simultaneously lighted up via hand shaking, exhibiting great potential of scavenging the abundant but wasted kinetic energy when people play basketball, football, baseball, and so on.

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