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Keywords:

  • multicomponent fibers;
  • polyelectrolyte complexation;
  • tissue engineering
Thumbnail image of graphical abstract

In multi-interfacial polyelectrolyte complexation (MIPC), fusion of nascent fibers from multiple interfaces brings the interfaces to a point from which a composite fiber is drawn. MIPC applied to two, three, and four polyelectrolyte complex interfaces leads to various patterned multicomponent fibers. Cells encapsulated in these fibers exhibit migration, aggregation and spreading in relation to the initial cell or matrix pattern.