Structural Characterization of Monolayers at the air–water interface


  • Dr. Dietmar Möbius,

    1. Max-Planck-Institut für biophysikalische Chemie, Postfach 2841, D-3400 Göttingen (FRG)
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    • was born in Kosmeden, FRG, and studied chemistry at the University of Marburg/Lahn, gaining his Ph.D. in 1965 for work on “Energy Transfer in Monolayer Systems.” Since 1971 he has been at the Max-Planck-Institut, für Biophysikalische Chemie in Göttingen while also lecturing at the University of Marburg. His areas of interest include the physical chemistry of interfaces, the organization of complex monolayers and the photochemistry of organized systems.

  • Prof. Helmuth Möhwald

    1. Institut für Physikalische Chemie, Universität Mainz Jacob-Welder-Weg 11, D-6500 Mainz (FRG)
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    • was born in Goldenöls, Czechoslovakia, Helmuth Möhwald studied physics at the University of Gottingen, FRG, and was awarded a Ph.D. from the Max-Planck-lnstitut fur Biophysikalische Chemie (Göttingen) for work carried out in the group of Prof. A . Weller, in 1974. After a post-doctoral stay at IBM in San Jose, USA, and at the University of Ulm and a three-year post in the New Technologies Department of Dornier Systems, he became Associate Professor of Physics at the Technical University in Munich (1981–1987). In May 1987 he was appointed to the Chair in Physical Chemistry at the University of Mainz, FRG, where he has continued and developed his interests in membrane biophysics and ultrathin films.


Review: X-Ray diffraction, fluorescence microscopy, and reflection spectroscopy, are all methods used for the characterization of organic thin films which enable the study of, for example, dipole layers, domain structures, mechanical surface excitations, and the orientation of the hydrocarbon ‘tails’. The methods and their applications, especially in the optimization of monolayer formation and transfer, are reviewed.