Nuclear magnetic resonance imaging of polymers and polymer composites

Authors

  • Dr. Peter Jezzard,

    1. Herchel Smith Laboratory for Medicinal Chemistry University Forvie Site, Robinson Way, Cambridge CB22PZ (UK)
    Current affiliation:
    1. Laboratory for Cardiac Energetics, National Heart Lung and Blood Institute, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892 (USA)
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  • Christopher J. Wiggins,

    1. Herchel Smith Laboratory for Medicinal Chemistry University Forvie Site, Robinson Way, Cambridge CB22PZ (UK)
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  • Dr. T. Adrian Carpnter,

    1. Herchel Smith Laboratory for Medicinal Chemistry University Forvie Site, Robinson Way, Cambridge CB22PZ (UK)
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  • Prof. Laurance D. Hall,

    1. Herchel Smith Laboratory for Medicinal Chemistry University Forvie Site, Robinson Way, Cambridge CB22PZ (UK)
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    • Trained as an organic chemist and is the first holder of the Herchel Smith Professorship of Medicinal Chemistry in the Clinical School of Cambridge University, where he has established an independently funded laboratory specializing in magnetic resonance imaging in collaboration with Dr. Adrian Carpenter. Besides clinical MRI, they have major commitments for non-destructive testing of food, in petrogeology, and also in the polymer and composites industry. Peter Jezzard and Christopher Wiggins are physics graduates studying, for their Ph.D. degrees. Peter Jackson, Nigel Clayden and Nicholas Walton are all chemists, charged by ICI with responsibility for the Cambridge collaboration to establish the viability of MRI of polymers and polymer composites.

  • Dr. Peter Jackson,

    1. ICI plc, Wilton Materials Research Center, P.O. Box 90, Wilton, Middlesbrough, Cleveland TS68JE (UK)
    Current affiliation:
    1. ICI Specialties, Specialties Research Center, P.O. Box 42, Blackley, Manchester M9 3DA (UK)
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  • Dr. Nigel J. Clayden,

    1. ICI plc, Wilton Materials Research Center, P.O. Box 90, Wilton, Middlesbrough, Cleveland TS68JE (UK)
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  • Dr. Nicholas J. Walton

    1. ICI Chemicals and Polymers Ltd, Research and Technology Department P.O. Box 8, The Heath, Runcorn, Cheshire WA74QD (UK)
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  • We thank Dr. Herchel Smith for an endowment (LDH and TAC) and for research studentships (P. Jezzard and CJW), and ICI plc for financial support (P. Jezzard and CJW). We also thank Dr. N. J. Herrod and Dr. A. J. S. de Crespigny at the Herchel Smith Laboratory for provision of image display software. [AMR 110]

Abstract

Since its inception in the early 1970s, the nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) imaging technique has developed to the point that it is now used as a routine clinical diagnostic tool in many hospitals. As a result, virtually all; research in NMR imaging was until recently directed towards mapping the water and lipid distribution contained in human soft tissue, and it is only within the last few years that a start., has been made in exploring the non-medical applications of NMR imaging. In this review article we discuss some of the many applications of NMR imaging to studies of the production and evaluation of 'advanced materials', particularly polymers and polymer composites, and review some ofthe studies which have already been undertaken. It is hoped that this article will be read both by polymer scientists and engineers interested in this powerful new research tool for studying their materials, and also by those already involved in other aspects of NMR imaging who are seeking challenging new problems.

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