Conducting Polymers Intercalated in Layered Solids


  • Prof. Eduardo Ruiz-Hitzky

    Corresponding author
    1. Instituto de Ciencia de Materiales, CSIC c/Serrano 115 bis, E-28006 Madrid (Spain)
    • Instituto de Ciencia de Materiales, CSIC c/Serrano 115 bis, E-28006 Madrid (Spain)
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    • was born in Madrid, Spain. He graduated in chemistry at the Complutense University of Madrid in 1970 and obtained his Ph.D. from the University of Louvain, Belgium, in 1974. He was a post-doctoral fellow at Kiel University, Germany, before joining the National Research Council (CSIC) of Spain, where he is now Research Professor at the materials Science Institute of Madrid. His research work is focused on organo–inorganic systems, with special interest in the intercalation chemistry and the organic functionalization of inorganic solids. Current work concerns the intracrystalline reactivity of organic compounds included into inorganic host lattices, and also the design and synthesis of new nanocomposite materials with special properties.

  • Financial support of the CICYT (Spain) is gratefully acknowledged.


Inorganic–organic composite systems (e.g. see figure) with controlled electrical and optoelectronic properties are of current interest for applications including electrochromic displays, batteries, membranes, and sensors. The various methods of intercalation of the organic guests into the inorganic hosts, and the property profiles of the materials based on the intercalation of conducting polymers in layered solids are reviewed.

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