Template-directed nucleation and growth of inorganic materials


  • Dr. Brigid R. Heywood,

    1. Department of Chemistry, University of Salford Salford M5 4WT (UK)
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    • holds a B. Sc. in biological sciences. from Manchester University (UK) and a doctorate from Liverpool University for studies on the cellular control of biomineralization. In 1984 she was awarded a Fogarty Research Fellowship at the National Institutes of Health, Bethesda (USA), where she developed her interest in biomimetic solid state chemistry. She joined Professor Mann's group at Bath University in 1987, before being appointed Lecturer in Physical Chemistry at Saljord University in 1991. Her current research interests are, focused on novel routes to the formation of ordered inorganic materials.

  • Prof. Stephen Mann

    Corresponding author
    1. School of Chemistry, University of Bath Claverton Down, Bath BA2 7AY (UK)
    • School of Chemistry, University of Bath Claverton Down, Bath BA2 7AY (UK)
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    • was awarded a B.Sc. degree in chemistry by the University of Manchester Institute of Science and Technologji (1976) anda D.Phil. by the University of Oxford (1982). Before joining the University of Bath in 1984, he was a junior research fellow at Keble College, Oxford. His research interests include the study of biomineralization, and the development of biomimetic approaches in materials chemistry. He is currently a jullprofessor at the School of Chemistry, University of Bath. In 1993 he was a recipient of the Corday-Morgan Medal from the Royal Society of Chemistry, UK.

  • We thank Dr. S. Rajam, Ms. G. Price and Mr. S. Champ for their involvement in experimental studies. We thank the SERC (UK), BP International and ICI plc for financial support.


A new way to tailor the crystal chemistry of inorganic solids involves molecular recongnition between two-dimensional organic templates and embryonic inorganic aggregates. Langmuir monolayers adopted as model surfaces offer opportunities for molecular engineering of the template. The Figure shows one example of oriented nucleation of vaterite under octadecylamine monolayers.

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