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Rocking-chair or lithium-ion rechargeable lithium batteries

Authors

  • Dr. Dominique Guyomard,

    Corresponding author
    1. Laboratoire de Chimie des Solides Institut des Matériaux de Nantes 2, rue de la Houssiniére F-44072 Nantes Cedex 03 (France)
    • Laboratoire de Chimie des Solides Institut des Matériaux de Nantes 2, rue de la Houssiniére F-44072 Nantes Cedex 03 (France)
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  • Dr. Jean-Marie Tarascon

    1. Bellcore 331 Newman Springs Road Red Bank, NJ 07701 (USA)
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Abstract

Owing to the present exponential development of portable consumer electronics and to the increasing concern about the environment, new energy sources are required that provide more energy in the same volume and/or mass. Within a short period of time, less than three years, many changes in the area of rechargeable batteries for the consumer market have occurred, along with the emergence of several new technologies. The ubiquitous Ni[BOND]Cd cells, which are environmentally unfriendly because of the toxicity of Cd, will be replaced by Ni-metal hydride, rocking-chair lithium (or Li-ion), and lithium polymer electrolyte rechargeable cells. This paper reviews recent advances in the field of Li-ion rechargeable batteries.

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