The author thanks the Royal Society for provision of a Royal Society University Research Fellowship and acknowledges EPSRC for funding (GR/R15597, GR/N39999 and GR/23653). Mr. I. Hussain, Dr. K. Senoo, Dr. B. Tan, and Dr. H. Zhang are acknowledged for their help in preparing this review.
Porous Materials and Supercritical Fluids†
Article first published online: 30 JUN 2003
Copyright © 2003 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim
Volume 15, Issue 13, pages 1049–1059, July, 2003
How to Cite
Cooper, A.I. (2003), Porous Materials and Supercritical Fluids. Adv. Mater., 15: 1049–1059. doi: 10.1002/adma.200300380
- Issue published online: 30 JUN 2003
- Article first published online: 30 JUN 2003
- Manuscript Accepted: 16 APR 2003
- Manuscript Received: 8 JAN 2003
- Porous materials;
- Supercritical fluids
Porous materials are used in a wide variety of applications, including catalysis, chemical separation, and tissue engineering. The synthesis and processing of these materials is frequently solvent intensive. In addition to reducing organic solvent emissions, supercritical fluids offer a number of specific physical, chemical, and toxicological advantages as alternative solvents for the production of functional porous materials. The figure shows an electron image of a porous polyacrylate produced by the templating of a concentrated CO2-in-water emulsion—a process that would otherwise be highly solvent intensive.