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Carbon Monoliths Possessing a Hierarchical, Fully Interconnected Porosity


  • The financial support from the Finnish Academy of Sciences is gratefully acknowledged (JHS). The authors thank Mr. Axel Dreier, MPI-Kohlenforschung, Mülheim, Germany, for carrying out the TEM measurements. We also thank Prof. Ferdi Schüth for support and valuable discussions.


Monolithic carbon possessing hierarchical, multimodal porosity has been prepared by nano-casting of monolithic, meso- and macroporous silica. The carbon monolith (right in Figure) is a positive replica of the silica monolith on the micrometer scale, but a negative replica on the nanometer scale. The diameter of the fully interconnected macropores can be varied between 0.5 and 30 μm and they co-exist with mesopores with diameters of 4–5 nm.

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