This study was supported by the Fonds der Chemischen Industrie, the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (SFB 486) and the Dutch Polymer Institute (DPI). We thank Dr. Nico Adams and Bas G. G. Lohmeijer for their help in the preparation of this manuscript.
New Functional Polymers and Materials Based on 2,2′:6′,2″-Terpyridine Metal Complexes†
Article first published online: 21 JUL 2004
Copyright © 2004 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim
Volume 16, Issue 13, pages 1043–1068, July, 2004
How to Cite
Andres, P. R. and Schubert, U. S. (2004), New Functional Polymers and Materials Based on 2,2′:6′,2″-Terpyridine Metal Complexes. Adv. Mater., 16: 1043–1068. doi: 10.1002/adma.200306518
- Issue published online: 21 JUL 2004
- Article first published online: 21 JUL 2004
- Manuscript Accepted: 16 FEB 2004
- Manuscript Received: 25 NOV 2003
- Metal complexes;
- Organic–inorganic hybrid materials;
- Polymeric materials;
- Surface patterning
New inorganic–organic hybrid structures based on metal complexes have become of increasing interest over the last few decades in the search for new materials. Many different polypyridyl metal complexes have been investigated. Recently, a strong increase in interest regarding 2,2′:6′,2″-terpyridine has been observed. In particular, octahedral bis-2,2′:6′,2″-terpyridine metal complexes offer the advantages of increased symmetry and, in the case of ruthenium(III)/ruthenium(II) complexation, an entrance to a directed complexation technique. Apart from the combination with polymeric systems, ordered inorganic–organic structures on surfaces are becoming better understood concurrently with the development of sophisticated nanotechnology characterization techniques. There are many ongoing efforts that include terpyridine complex structures, especially concerning photophysical processes such as solar light to energy conversion. This review deals with the incorporation of terpyridine complexes into polymeric structures such as poly(ethylene glycol), poly(styrene), dendrimers, biomacromolecules, micelles, and resins, as well as the combination of terpyridine complexes with surfaces for electrocatalytic, photophysical, and self-assembly purposes.