Synthesis of Hierarchical Titanium Carbide from Titania-Coated Cellulose Paper


  • Pacific Northwest National Laboratory is operated by the Battelle Memorial Institute for the US Department of Energy under Contract DE-AC06-76RL0 1830. This work is supported by the Office of Basic Energy Sciences, Division of Materials Sciences and Engineering, US Department of Energy.


Cellulose paper and an aqueous-based, inexpensive TiO2 precursor, Tyzor-LA, have been used to prepare TiC via carbothermal reduction in an Ar flow. The hierarchical cellulose structures were completely maintained upon the agglomeration of 10–50 nm TiC nanoparticles. The lattice parameter of TiC increased with increasing reaction temperature, while the oxygen content in the sample decreased and showed minimal oxygen impurity at 1500 °C (0.24 wt.-%).