Nanoelectronic Carbon Dioxide Sensors


  • We acknowledge the Nanomix technical staff for their assistance with device fabrication and measurements. The research was supported partially by NSF SBIR # 0319991 and DOE DE-FG36-03GO13169. We thank J. R. Stetter for useful discussions.


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Carbon nanotube field-effect transistors (NTFETs) coated with poly(ethyleneimine) (PEI) and starch polymers exhibit electrical conductance changes upon exposure to CO2 gas in air at ambient temperature (see Figure). This observation has furnished nanoelectronic CO2 sensors. Their small size and low power consumption has enormous potential in wireless sensing for industrial and medical CO2 sensor units.