Growth and Field Emission of Hierarchical Single-Crystalline Wurtzite AlN Nanoarchitectures



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Hierarchical single-crystalline AlN nanocombs were self-assembled through a chemical-vapor transport and condensation process. The wurtzite AlN nanoarchitectures are composed of core stems along the <0001> direction and comb-like nanotips growing perpendicularly out from both sides of the stems along the <01�10> direction (see Figure). Low-threshold field emission could be obtained from the nanostructures, with potential applications in field-emission displays and microvacuum tubes for microwave amplifiers.