Single- or multicolor-encoded microspheres are created by confining water-soluble CdTe nanocrystals with different sizes within hydrogel microspheres of N-isopropylacrylamide and 4-vinylpyridine copolymer based on the pH-responsive swelling behavior of the gel (see Figure). The emission intensity level and color of the resulting fluorescent spheres can be manipulated simply by changing the concentrations of the different-sized NCs and their molar ratios.
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