Single-Crystal SiC Nanowires with a Thin Carbon Coating for Stronger and Tougher Ceramic Composites


  • This study was financially supported by the Budget for Nuclear Research of the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology, based on screening and counseling by the Atomic Energy Commission.


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SiC nanowires (NWs) reinforce SiC matrix composites with high efficiency. With the incorporation of ∼ 6 vol.-% randomly oriented single-crystal SiC NWs in the matrices, the fracture toughnesses and flexural strengths of the composites doubled. The composites (see Figure) were fabricated in situ by a new process based on chemical vapor infiltration. Reinforcement efficiency of the NW is affected by the amount of C deposited on the NWs as the NW/matrix interfacial layer.