Aligned arrays of ultrathin, high-quality ZnO nanotubes (see Figure) have been synthesized via hydrothermal growth methods on Si that has been pre-coated with a thin film of ZnO. The nanorods are single-crystalline, with typical wall thicknesses and outer diameters of 5–15 and 20–40 nm, respectively. Annealing the arrays in vacuum causes enhancement of UV photoluminescence.
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