One-dimensional (1D) nanostructures of CdSe have been found to exhibit morphologies of nanowires, nanobelts, and nanosaws, but their synthesis is by trial and error. To meet the needs of large-scale, controlled, and designed synthesis of nanostructures, it is imperative to systematically find experimental conditions under which the desired nanostructures are synthesized reproducibly, in large quantity, and with controlled morphology. This article reports the first systematic study on the growth of 1D CdSe nanostructures by a vapor–liquid–solid (VLS) process by varying a wide range of experimental conditions. Over 150 experiments have been conducted to investigate the morphology dependence of three different types of nanostructures: nanowires, nanobelts, and nanosaws, over various substrate temperatures and pressures. The results of this work yield a road map for the controlled growth of 1D CdSe nanostructures. This research serves as a guidance and “menu” for scaling up of the synthesis of CdSe nanostructures. This is a key step towards the controlled synthesis of nanostructures to meet the needs of many industrial applications of nanomanufacturing.