A Highly Efficient Chemical Sensor Material for H2S: α-Fe2O3 Nanotubes Fabricated Using Carbon Nanotube Templates


  • This work was financially supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (50472096, 20133030) and an opening research fund of the State Key Laboratory of Heavy Oil Processing (2004-10).


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α-Fe2O3 nanotubes that can be used as chemical sensors (see Figure) are fabricated by a novel carbon nanotube (CNT) templated synthesis. CNTs are coated with a continuous layer of Fe2O3 nanoparticles by the decomposition of Fe(NO3)3 in a supercritical CO2/ethanol solution. Subsequent removal of the CNTs gives α-Fe2O3 nanotubes that are highly sensitive to H2S, which makes them attractive materials for chemiluminescent H2S sensors.