Polymer photovoltaic cells with power conversion efficiencies approaching 5 % have been fabricated using titanium oxide (TiOx) as an optical spacer (see Figure). Solar cells with a TiOx layer (deposited via a sol–gel process) between the active layer and the electron-collecting aluminum electrode exhibit approximately a 50 % enhancement in short-circuit current compared to similar devices without the optical spacer, as a result of modification of the spatial distribution of the light intensity inside the device.
If you can't find a tool you're looking for, please click the link at the top of the page to "Go to old article view". Alternatively, view our Knowledge Base articles for additional help. Your feedback is important to us, so please let us know if you have comments or ideas for improvement.