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Keywords:

  • Crystal engineering;
  • Monolayers;
  • Nanowires;
  • Self-assembly;
  • Soft lithography
Thumbnail image of graphical abstract

The faceting of unstable crystal surfaces provides self-assembling templates for soft lithography, enabling the facile generation of a variety of periodic nanopatterned monolayers, nanowires, nanogrooves, nanogrids, and nanowaffles of Au and Si (the figure shows the replication of faceted sapphire to an elastomeric stamp, and then to a patterned self-assembled monolayer).