Advanced Materials

Anti-Lotus Effect for Nanostructuring at the Leidenfrost Temperature


  • We thank Prof. F. Faupel for valuable support at all stages of this work and D. Lukas, K. Rätzke, and V. Zaporojtchenko for helpful discussions. Technical support from S. Rehders and R. Kloth is gratefully acknowledged. Furthermore, the authors thank the DFG for enabling the project by financial support in the Focus Program 1165 project AD183/4-2. Supporting Information is available online from Wiley InterScience or from the author.


Nanostructuring at the Leidenfrost temperature is carried out by exposing water-based solution droplets to overheated substrates at temperatures above 200 °C. This method is able to produce nanowires that form different geometries (see figure and inside cover) by inverting the Lotus effect: instead of removing material, moving droplets deposit nanoparticles. Alignment is achieved by employing simple masks.

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