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Keywords:

  • Biomimetics;
  • Microstructures;
  • Nanostructures;
  • Soft lithography;
  • Superhydrophobicity
Thumbnail image of graphical abstract

The antifogging properties of mosquito compound eyes (see figure) result from their elaborate superhydrophobic surface structure, which consists of hexagonally non-close-packed nipples at the nanoscale and hexagonally close-packed hemispheres at the microscale. A soft-lithography approach is adopted to fabricate artificial compound eyes for exploring the effects of the hierarchical micro- and nanostructure on surface hydrophobicity.