3D Domain Structure in Bi4Ti3O12 Crystals Observed by Using Piezoresponse Force Microscopy


  • This study was partly supported by Industrial Technology Research Grant Program in 2006 from the New Energy and Industrial Technology Development Organization (NEDO) of Japan.


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The 3D domain structure in ferroelectric Bi4Ti3O12crystals is investigated by using piezoresponse force microscopy. Energetically favorable 90° domain walls with faceted structure are established on the surface along the a–b plane, while the 90° domain walls have complicated and curved surfaces along the c-axis inside the crystals (see figure). This domain structure can be explained by the strong interaction between the 90° domain walls and oxygen vacancies.