Functionalization of Crystalline Colloidal Arrays through Click Chemistry

Authors

  • D. D. Evanoff Jr.,

    1. Center for Optical Materials Science and Engineering Technologies, School of Materials Science and Engineering, Clemson University, Clemson, SC 29634-0971 (USA)
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  • S. E. Hayes,

    1. Center for Optical Materials Science and Engineering Technologies, School of Materials Science and Engineering, Clemson University, Clemson, SC 29634-0971 (USA)
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  • Y. Ying,

    1. Center for Optical Materials Science and Engineering Technologies, School of Materials Science and Engineering, Clemson University, Clemson, SC 29634-0971 (USA)
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  • G. H. Shim,

    1. Center for Optical Materials Science and Engineering Technologies, School of Materials Science and Engineering, Clemson University, Clemson, SC 29634-0971 (USA)
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  • J. R. Lawrence,

    1. Center for Optical Materials Science and Engineering Technologies, School of Materials Science and Engineering, Clemson University, Clemson, SC 29634-0971 (USA)
    2. Current address: Centre for Advanced Functional Materials & Devices, University of Wales, UK
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  • J. B. Carroll,

    1. Center for Optical Materials Science and Engineering Technologies, School of Materials Science and Engineering, Clemson University, Clemson, SC 29634-0971 (USA)
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  • R. D. Roeder,

    1. Center for Optical Materials Science and Engineering Technologies, School of Materials Science and Engineering, Clemson University, Clemson, SC 29634-0971 (USA)
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  • J. M. Houchins,

    1. Center for Optical Materials Science and Engineering Technologies, School of Materials Science and Engineering, Clemson University, Clemson, SC 29634-0971 (USA)
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  • C. F. Huebner,

    1. Center for Optical Materials Science and Engineering Technologies, School of Materials Science and Engineering, Clemson University, Clemson, SC 29634-0971 (USA)
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  • S. H. Foulger

    1. Center for Optical Materials Science and Engineering Technologies, School of Materials Science and Engineering, Clemson University, Clemson, SC 29634-0971 (USA)
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  • The authors thank DARPA (Grant Number: N66001-04-1-8933) and the National Science Foundation through a CAREER award (Grant No. DMR-0236692) (S.H.F.) for financial support.

Abstract

original image

The preparation of well-defined and regioselectively functionalized ordered colloidal particles through the exploitation of ‘click' transformations is presented; specifically, the copper(I)-catalyzed Huisgen 1,3-dipolar cycloaddition between azides and terminal alkynes to form 1,2,3-triazoles is utilized. This approach is demonstrated through the attachment of 9-azidomethylanthracene to post-hydrogel stabilized, ordered poly(propargyl acrylate) colloidal particles.

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