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Keywords:

  • Nanowires, inorganic;
  • Plasmas;
  • Silicon;
  • Synthesis
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Silicon nanowires are grown epitaxially on Si (100) surfaces using thermal (a) and rf plasma excitation (b) for vapor–liquid–solid (VLS) growth. Plasma excitation at low growth temperatures promotes the nucleation of smaller diameter [110] oriented Si nanowires and is attributed to a plasma-induced increase in silicon chemical potential; it also increases low temperature nanowire growth rates (see figure). The rate limiting step in VLS growth here is due to silicon incorporation at the vapor-liquid interface. Plasma excitation enables additional control over nanowire orientation.