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Size-Controlled Ex-nihilo Ferromagnetism in Capped CdSe Quantum Dots

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Hysteresis loops in D = 1.8 nm CdSe-TOPO nanoparticles show ferromagnetism at 5 K and 300 K. Charge transfer from Cd to the Cd–O bond is shown by arrow in the Fourier transforms amplitudes of the EXAFS k2χ data at the Cd K-edge in the smaller 2.8 and 4.1 nm particles. This charge transfer produces holes in the Cd 4d band yielding ferromagnetism varying as 1/D with magnetic moment µ = 0.0075 µB per Cd surface atom.

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